Education Movement (PREM)
Mini-Stadium at Gudanggarjang
Auto-riskshaw managed by Dimbiripankal women group
Children are playing at AWC centre at Dimbiripankal
Organic Farming market at Hidikama
Children of Hidikama village attending school
Cement brick making by the people of Gudanggorjang
Creating model villages is one of the dream projects of PREM. Creating model village is not a one man or one day job, it take times and needs involvement of many stakeholders especially community people. At present PREM in association with the communities has created 100 model villages in its project operational area. Following are the key 10 commandments of model village.
10 COMMANDMENTS OF MODEL VILLAGE
If the village will achieve above 10 indicators then the village will be declared as a model village.
Case Study of Model Village GudangGorjang
GudangGorjang is a well known Model Village among the rural development enthusiast’s map in the southern part of Gajapati District in Odisha State, India. The village over a hill is located at Bhuban Gram Panchayat of Gumma Block. It is inhabited by 54 families with a population of 274, which includes 141 males and 133 females. All the families have their own toilets, smoke free kitchens, electrified brick houses and hold ration cards to procure essential food items distributed under the government’s public distribution system. The village has three open wells, one overhead tank, one tube well, two petty shops and a community hall.
Though the villagers are engaged in traditional paddy cultivation, they also grow millets, vegetables and manage plantations. Their farm lands mainly adopt terrace cultivation methods for irrigation. Some of them practice vocations such as masonry and carpentry during non-agricultural seasons.
Peoples Rural Education Movement (PREM) intervened in development initiatives of GudangGorjang during 2000 through a child sponsorship programme. PREM revisited to strengthen Self Help Groups for womens’ empowerment culminating into building up GudangGorjang as a Model Village, with the support and guidance of Axis Bank Foundation. It houses Five SHGs Sagarika Sakti, Babilon, Mali, Chilika and Micky, each one having around 10 members. Each member of the group saves Rs 100 every month. All the SHGs engage themselves in the seasonal business of trading ginger, turmeric, tamarind and broom. While Babilon has adopted poultry, Mali adopted goatery and Micky adopted mushroom cultivation as group level business plans.
The villagers of GudangGorjang traditionally produce various types of agricultural products. While the main produce includes paddy and ragi, they also harvest pulses such as harad, blackgram, kangu and jana. Cash crops include cashew, coffee, pepper, amla, ginger and turmeric. Horticultural produce include tamarind, jackfruit, mango, banana, orange, pineapple, lemon, coconut, guava and custard apple. They collect forest produce, mahua, karanja and bamboo. They cultivate vegetables: onion, carrot, brinjal, radish, beterguard, tomato, beans, long beans, pumkin, potato, ladies finger, chilly and gourd etc.
Ideal health practices are being adopted in GudangGorjang. All families have access to safe drinking water, use of toilets and are familiar with hand washing habits. Kitchens for every family are fitted with smokeless cooking devices. Everyone uses mosquito nets and the whole village premises is cleaned once a week engaging the community. Pregnant women and children are duly immunized. Women and adolescent girls use sanitary napkins prepared by themselves. There are two government run Anganwadi centres functional in the village. All the children are admitted to Anganwadi centre or school. An upper
primary school is situated at a distance of one kilometre. While a total number of 16 students are pursuing English medium school education living in hostels, 5 students including 3 girls and 2 boys have been admitted to college education. There are no drop-out students and education of girls is given priority.
The villagers of GudangGorjang take efforts to tap benefits offered by various government programmes with support of the development activists of PREM. While 50 villagers have procured job cards for engagement under government sponsored guaranteed employment scheme, 12 persons availed of old age pension, 5 persons widow pension and 4 persons disabled pension offered by the government.
The villagers practice traditional tribal philosophy of ‘Entra’ and ‘Ampu’. ‘Entra’ empowers the people to live without any outside help, the community creates resources for its own consumption. ‘Ampu’ promotes a life of harmony, unity, cooperation and dignity. The old, sick and disabled in the village are taken care of by the community. There have been no litigations in the village for over the past 20 years. ‘Ampu’ development committee looks after the common services in the village.
Peoples Participation and Contribution
Mini Stadium: OLMOL stadium of Gudanggorjang has become a major attraction of all the neighboring villages too. It ensures better participation of the youth in integral community development. The fact that the land for the major infrastructure like children's park, community house, community kitchen and the mini stadium was donated by the people shows that people take full ownership of community development.
Visit report: NITI Aayog team from New Delhi
We had an opportunity to visit the village Gudang Gorjang along with the officials of PREM in connection with the work done under skill development. We got a warm welcome from the villagers. We visited the Mini Anganwadi centre and integrated the villagers, students, beneficiaries from different intervals. The village is very clean; all 50 households are using toilets, smokeless chulhas. There is no dropout in the village. The people are very polite, simple and united. There is no case of domestic violence reported to the police. Villagers are well aware of different government. programmes and availed the benefits of SSA, ICDS, PMAY, MGNREGA, MAMATA and all other govt schemes. The main source of livelihood is agriculture and skilled labour. There is no case of migration of labour in the village. However the main source of drinking water is from well which needs to be replaced by piped water supply. People appear to be well behaved and disciplined. I wish the villagers all success in future. (The activities of PREM are really praiseworthy).